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Source Bibliography

Source Bibliography

The following list comprises the sources used throughout this report.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y


James Erik Abels, “Rupert Murdoch: Big Man on Campus,” Forbes, August 18, 2008.

James Erik Abels, “Strapped Local Stations Look to Web for Cash,”, December 4, 2008.
Online at:

James Erik Abels, “Slowing Fast Company?” October 23, 2008.

Russell Adams, “Newsweek Job Cuts Target Bureaus,” Wall Street Journal, December 12, 2008.

“Greater Media Embraces New Technology,” Advertising Age, October 20, 2008.

“The World is Flat,” Advertising Age, Magazine 300, October 6, 2008. Online at:

“Magazine 300: 10 Digital Leaders,” Advertising Age Data Center.

AdAge Hispanic Fact Pack 2008 Edition, Crain Communications, 2008.

“2007 Hispanic Fact Pack. Top 10 Hispanic Websites by Web ad spending,” Advertising Age, July 23, 2007.

100 Leading Media Companies, 2008 edition. Advertising Age.

“25 mi. infusion for HuffPo,”, Dec. 1, 2008.

Africa Channel. Press Release: The Africa Channel and Time Warner Cable’s New York. September 9, 2008.

African Connection Newspaper Online, About Us.

African Sun Times 2008 Media Kit.

“Decherd Issues Letter to Colleagues,” A.H. Belo  Corporation press release, January 29, 2009.

Frank Ahrens, “More Than 100 Washington Post Journalists Take Buyout,” Washington Post, May 22, 2008.

Frank Ahrens, “Time Warner to Spin Off Cable,” Washington Post, May 1, 2008.

Frank Ahrens, “Washington Post Co. Earnings Plummet in Third Quarter,” Washington Post, October 31, 2008.

Air America Radio press release, April 3, 2008.

Al Jazeera English online.

ABS-CBN International website, About Us.

A.H. Belo Corporation Q2 2008 Earnings Call, July 28, 2008.

Chloe Albanesius, “AOL Yahoo Tieup Sparks Net Neutrality Worries,” PC Magazine, March 11, 2008.

Rafat Ali, “Time Inc. Strange Buy: Acquiring Reader’s Digest Schools Fundraising Unit QSP,”, August 7, 2008. Online at:

Rosental Calmon Alves, “Many Newspaper Sites Still Cling to a Once-A-Day Publishing Cycle,” Online Journalism Review, July 21, 2004.

Newsroom Employment Census, American Society of Newspaper Editors, April 29, 2008.

American Urban Radio Networks online, company overview.

Helena Andrews. “Watts Launches African-American Channel,” Politico, July 17, 2008.

Nellie Andreeva, “400 jobs cut at Disney-ABC TV,” Hollywood Reporter, January 29, 2008.

Suzanna Andrews, “Who Is Wall Street’s Queen B.?” Vanity Fair, November 2008.

Arab American Institute Online.

Arab American Media Services, News Wire, “New Arab American Writers Syndicate Launched,”  September 4, 2008.

Arab American News Online.

Aramica Newspaper online.

Tim Arango and Richard Perez-Pena, “Cablevision Offer Baffles Wall Street (Again),” New York Times, May 12, 2008.

Tim Arango, “Murdoch Takes Issue with New Biography,” New York Times, October 22, 2008.

Arbitron, Black Radio Today, 2008 Edition.

Arbitron, Radar 98 report, September 2008.

“Radio Today: How Americans Listen to Radio, 2008 Edition,” Arbitron, April 13, 2008.

“Radio Today 2008 Edition,” Arbitron, March 12, 2008.

“The Infinite Dial 2008: Radio’s Digital Platforms”, Arbitron, April 25, 2008.

Chris Ariens, “New Bureaus, New Kind of Journos for CNN,” TVNewser, August 12, 2008.

Chris Ariens, “GE’s Immelt: “We’re not done doing cable deals,” TV Newser, August 18, 2008.

David Arnerich,. Worth Magazine,.Lost in Translation,” July 1, 2006.

Asian American Studies Center at UCLA,  “2008 Statistical Portrait of Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders.”

Asian American Journalists Association press release, “Study on Asian American Consumption Trends,” November 2, 2005.

“AOL Weighs on Time Warner, Earnings Fall 26%,” Associated Press, August 6, 2008.

“Washington Post Co. profits fall 86 percent,” Associated Press, November 1, 2008.

“Rumbo to focus on web In San Antonio, Valley,”Associated Press, October 9, 2008

Jennifer Armor,  “Asian Americans Are Good for Advertisers So Why Aren’t Advertisers Listening?” USAianWire, February 7, 2008.

Claire Atkinson, “2008 Political Ads Worth $2.5 Billion to $2.7 Billion,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 2, 2008.

Claire Atkinson, “Cable Stays Up amid Big Media Losses,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 7, 2009.

Claire Atkinson, “Cable Networks Likely to be TW’s Best Unit in ’09,” Broadcasting & Cable, January 8, 2009.

Claire Atkinson, “News Corp. Writes Down Value of Assets by $8.4 Billion,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 5, 2009.

Claire Atkinson, “Spanish-Language TV’s Wall St. Woes,” Broadcasting & Cable, October 20, 2008.

Audit Bureau of Circulations, Publisher’s Statements.

Katy Bachman, “WTVJ Sale Terminated,” MediaWeek, December 24, 2008.

David Bauder, “CNN Launches Nightly Election Wrap,” Associated Press, January 15, 2008.

David Bauder, “Tough Economic News is Good for Evening Newscasts,” Associated Press, February 4, 2009.

David Bauder, “Fey’s Palin skits mark turning point of TV viewing,” Associated Press October 19, 2008.

“AOL Completes Acquisition of Global Social Media Network Bebo,” Bebo Press Release, May 19, 2008.

Jeff Bercovici, “ ‘U.S. News’ Launching Digital Newsweekly,” Media Blog, January 23, 2009. Online at:

BET press release, “BET News Provides Extensive, Up-to-the-Minute Election Coverage,” October 31, 2008.

“Television Industry Projected to Post -7% Growth in 2008; Station Transactions Lowest Level Since 2004,” BIA Press Release, December 18, 2008.

Henry Blodget, “Huffington Post Still Blowing Doors Off,” Silicon Valley Insider, October 22, 2008.

“Radio-Rating Firm Arbitron Settles New York Bias Lawsuit,” Bloomberg News, January 8, 2009, accessed from the Los Angeles Times:,0,6629465.story.

Steve Boris, “Ohio Newspapers Try to Break Away from the AP Cartel,”, May 2, 2008.

“Benchmarking: Local TV Web Sites Gaining Ad Share,” Borrell Associates, March 2008.

“2009 Outlook: Big Slowdown Begins for Local Advertising,” Borrell Associates, November 8, 2008.

Greg Braxton, “Will Obama Reports Be Fair?” Los Angeles Times,  August 23, 2008.,0,5934044.story.

Editorial, “Open Hopes,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 1, 2008.

“Airtime: The DTV Transition Brings Tidal Wave of Change,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 21, 2009.

“Al Jazeera Nabs First News Emmy Nod,” Broadcasting & Cable, August 14, 2008.

“NBCU Miami Station Fetches Just $205M,” Broadcasting & Cable, July 28, 2008.

Phil Bronstein, Interview with Rick Edmonds, September 2007.

Stephen Brooks, “Dennis Launches Indian Joint Venture,” Guardian, September 11, 2008.

Ann Brown. New Media Dilemma for the Democratic Convention. Black Enterprise Magazine. July 18, 2008.

Peter J. Brown. “Tang Dynasty TV Takes on China.” Asia Times Online. February 14, 2009.

Meredith Bryan, “Big day in Englewood Cliffs,” New York Observer, September 16, 2008.

Elliot Van Buskirk, “House of Representatives Passes Webcast Bill,”, September 29, 2008.

Elliot Van Buskirk, “Liberty’s $530 million Lifeline Keeps Srius Xm Afloat,”, February 17, 2009.


Sinead Carew, “Jobs cuts hit hard in media, communications,” Reuters Media File, December 5, 2008.

David Carr, “When Even Condé Nast Is In Retreat,” New York Times, February 2, 2009.

Kayla Carrick, “Entravision, Univision’s U.S. Political Ads May Soar,”Bloomberg News, August 14, 2008.

Nicholas Carson, “AOL ‘Relaunches’ Its $850 Million Social Network, Bebo,” Silicon Valley Insider, December 10, 2008.

Bill Carter, “Political Futures: From TV to the Senate?” New York Times, October 21, 2008.

Bill Carter, “Telemundo Is Said to Have Struck Deal in Mexico,New York Times, March 17, 2008.

Bill Carter, “Telemundo Is Said to Have Struck Deal in Mexico,” New York Times, March 17, 2008.

Bill Carter, “Palin Effect on Ratings Only Modest for CBS,” New York Times, September 30, 2008.

CC Media Holdings Press release, November 10, 2008.

John Cassidy, “Murdoch’s Game,” New Yorker, October 16, 2006.

Salvatore Cavalieri, “Engaging the Hispanic Market: 3 Commandments,” TV Week Online Guest Commentary.  January 13, 2008.

Brian Caulfield and Naazneen Karmali, “Mumbai: Twitter’s Moment,”, November 28, 2008.

“CBS Corporation Completes Acquisition Of CNet Networks; Merges Operations Into New, Expanded CBS Interactive Business Unit,” CBS News, Press Release, June 30, 2008.

Jean Yves Chanon, “U.S. Mobile News Market Nearing Maturity According to NYT,”, August14, 2008.

Zev Chafets, “Late-Period Limbaugh,” New York Times Magazine, July 6, 2008.

Cherokee Phoenix. “Census Bureau: Native Population Increases, June 2008.

Dawn C. Chmielewski, “News Corp. Posts 27% Rise in Its Fiscal Fourth-Quarter Net Income,” Los Angeles Times, August 6, 2008.

China Digital Times, About the China Digital Times.

David T. Clark, “Weak Circulation Trends Across Industry,” Deutsche Bank Global Markets Research. October 27, 2008.

Stephanie Clifford, “Yahoo Tries to Move Past Takeover Status,” New York Times, June 5, 2008.

“CNBC Gets Linked In,” CNBC press release, September 4, 2008.

Patricia Cohen, “Buckley Steps Down From National Review,” New York Times, October 14, 2008.

Tara Conlon, “NBC Universal Buy Carnival,” Guardian Unlimited, August 20, 2008; “NDTV networks and NBC Universal conclude strategic partnership transaction,” The Financial Express, May 26, 2008.

Tara Conlon, “NBC Universal Buy Carnival,” Guardian Unlimited, August 20, 2008.

John Consoli, “NBC, ESPN Snap Up NFL Packages,” AdWeek, April 19 2005.

John Consoli, Media Week Online, “Univision Upfront Flies as Integrations Slow Telemundo, Media Week Online,  July 28, 2008.

Alan Cowell, “On Arab TV Network, Obama Urges Dialogue,” New York Times, January 27, 2009.

Bob Cusack, “Schumer on Fox: Fairness Doctrine ‘fair and balanced,’ ” The Hill, November 4, 2008.


Wojtek Dabrowski, “Canwest creaks under debt load, may seek protection,” Reuters, February 12, 2009.

Rebecca Dana, “CNBC Ratings Jump Amid Turmoil,” Wall Street Journal, September 18, 2008.

Eric Dash, “Mexican Billionaire Invests in Times Company,” New York Times, January 19, 2009.

Democratic National Convention Website. Credentialed Blogs.

Diedre Depke, Interview with, undated. Online at:

Johnny Diaz, “Strike took viewers from late local news,” Boston Globe, February 29, 2008.

Rich Kirchen, “Writers strike impacts Milwaukee TV news,” Business Journal of Milwaukee, April 4, 2008.

Glen Dickson, “ATSC Eyes Digital TV’s Future,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 8, 2008.

Glen Dickson, “ABC Aims for Digital History,” Broadcasting & Cable, April 14, 2008.

Glen Dickson, “MediaFlo Primes for Growth,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 1, 2008.

The Digital Future Report 2009, Center for Digital Future, University of Southern California, Annenberg School Survey.

Larry Dignan, “AOL ad revenue continues to slide,”, February 4, 2009.

“Mergers & Acquisitions, An Insider’s Guide to the Media Marketplace,” DeSilva+Phillips Report 2009.

Ken Doctor, “Couric’s Palin Interviews Show Ad Metrics Are a-SKU,” Content Bridges, October 7, 2008.

Andrew Dolbeck, Weekly Corporate Growth Report, July 14, 2008.

Kevin Downey, “The New World of Hispanic TV,” Broadcasting & Cable, March 5, 2007.


Paul Eakins, “P-T Changes Spur Council Response,” Press-Telegram, March 5, 2008.

“AP Launches Mobile News Network App for BlackBerry Smart Phones,” Editor & Publisher, October 20, 2008.

“The Economist Selects CCC’s Rightslink for Easy Online Ordering of Reprints & Permissions,” The Economist and Copyright Clearance Center, joint press release, October 16, 2008.

Rick Edmonds, “What Should a Newspaper Cost?” Poynter Online, May 2, 2008.

Jim Edwards, “Hispanic Marketing World Insulated From Economy?” MediaWeek, October 27, 2008.

John Eggerton, “13 Pappas Stations File Chapter 11,” Broadcasting & Cable, May 12, 2008.

John Eggerton, “ABC Moving Nightline Jobs to N.Y.,” Broadcasting & Cable, June 16, 2008 .

John Eggerton, “CBS Sells Four Stations to Four Points Media Group,” Broadcasting & Cable, January 10, 2008.

John Eggerton, “Computer Companies Praise FCC Smackdown,” Broadcasting & Cable, May 16, 2008.

John Eggerton, “DTV Oversight Hearing On House Docket,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 24, 2009.

John Eggerton,  “Judge Approves Sale of Pappas Stations,” Broadcasting & Cable, January 16, 2009.

John Eggerton,NCTA Opposes Urban TV Proposal,” Broadcasting & Cable, December 30, 2008.

John Eggerton, “NTIA: Wait List For DTV Coupons Keeps Growing,” Broadcasting & Cable, January 29, 2009.

“eMarketer Revises Online Spending Predictions,” eMarketer, December 1, 2008.

“February 2008: Search Marketing, the Behemoth Online Advertising Format,” eMarketer, accessed February 5, 2009.

Haya El Nasser,  “U.S. Census Reports on Arab-Americans for First Time,” USA Today, November 20, 2003.

Entravision press release, “Entravision Communications Corporation Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results,” November 5, 2008.

“Entravision Announces Third Quarter 2008 Results,” Entravision press release, November 5, 2008.

Epoch Times Online, About Us.


Paul Farhi, “NPR to Cut 64 Jobs and Two Shows,” The Washington Post, December 11, 2008.

Paul Farhi, “WUSA Moves to One-Person News Crews,” Washington Post, December 12, 2008.

Mark Fass, “New Money,” New York Magazine, April 16, 2007..

Jason Fell, “Time Inc. CEO: ‘It Will Be Tough to Grow Revenues’ in 2009,” Folio, October 13, 2008.

Jason Fell and Dylan Stableford, “Layoffs at National Geographic, EW, Economist, Doubledown Group,” Folio, November 14, 2008.

Jason Fell, “RBI Slashes 41 Jobs,” Folio, June 4, 2008.

Jason Fell, “Reed Elsevier Drops RBI Sale,” Folio, December 10, 2008.

Jason Fell, “Condé Nast Shutters Domino,” Folio Magazine, January 28, 2009.

Jason Fell, “Will the Deal Drought Continue?” Folio Magazine, September 2, 2008. Online at:

Jason Fell, “Will the Deal Drought Continue?” Folio, September 2, 2008.

Jason Fell, “The Economist Loses Battle Over Domain Name,” Folio Magazine, February 25, 2008. Online at: .

Jon Fine, “A Peek into the Plans at Bloomberg Media,” BusinessWeek, October 23, 2008.

Lauren Rich Fine, Ethics Fellows Conference, Poynter Institute, March 2008.

Lucinda Fleeson, “Bureau of Missing Bureaus,” American Journalism Review, October/November, 2003.

“The Nation Seeks Donations to Pay Ballooning Postage,”, July 19, 2007.

Susannah Fox and Gretchen Livingston. Hispanics with Lower Levels of education and English proficiency remain largely disconnected from the internet. Pew Hispanic Center and the Pew Internet & American Life Project. March 14, 2007.

Mya Frazier, “The Catch-22 of Buying Black Media,” Advertising Age. April 7, 2008.


Amanda Gaines, “Mega TV: Major Media Moguls,” American Executive Magazine, September 30, 2008.

Megan Garber, “Mag Revenue Numbers: In Which ‘Flat Is the New Up,’ ” Columbia Journalism Review, July 11, 2008. Online at:

“Gartner Says Worldwide Smartphone Sales Grew 29 Percent in First Quarter of 2008,” Gartner press release, June 6, 2008.

Joe Garifoli. “Black Bloggers Fight to Make Voices Heard.” San Francisco Chronicle. May 31, 2008.

Glenn Garvin, “Rick Sanchez’s News Show Brings the Internet to TV,” Miami Herald, October 6, 2008.

“GE Earned $18.1B in ’08,” General Electric Media Relations, press release, January 23, 2009.

“GE Revises 2008 Guidance,” General Electric Media Relations, press Release, Sept. 25, 2008, available at

David George-Cosh, “Google set to take on iPhone and BlackBerry,” Canwest News Service, accessed from Nanaimo Daily News, Sept 22, 2008.

Jordan Gibson:  “Picture This:  Guess Where Google Gets 98 % of Its Revenues,” Industry Standard, July 15, 2008.

Scott Gilbertson, “Google Blasts WSJ, Still ‘Committed’ to Net Neutrality,” Wired Magazine, December 15, 2008.

Felix Gillette, “Hard Fall: What Happened to NBC?” New York Observer, September 9, 2008.

Felix Gillette, “When Talent Moves to Cable, Journalism Doesn’t Always Follow,” New York Observer, March 20, 2008.

Felix Gillette, “ABC News Contemplates Job Cuts in the New Year,” New York Observer, Dec. 5, 2008.

Felix Gillette, “Do You Know the Way to Tel Aviv? For CBS, via London,” New York Observer, January 6, 2009.

“ Democratic Convention Coverage Sets Traffic Record,” Globe Newswire, September 3, 2008.

David Goetzl, “Mobile TV Gains Momentum,” Mediapost Publications, November 11, 2008 Online at:

Matea Gold, “The race for TV viewers,” Los Angeles Times, September 11, 2008.

Google SEC Filing, 10-Q for the quarter ending September 30, 2008.

“Changes to Recruiting,” Google, press release, January 14, 2009.

“Google Announced third quarter 2008 results,” Google press release, Oct. 16, 2008.

Martha R. Gore, “Newspaper Readership Declines in Major Cities,”, December 9, 2008.

Paul J. Gough, “Cable Nets Benefited from Primary Coverage,” Hollywood Reporter, June 2, 2008.

Paul J. Gough,  “NBC might scale back hours, Zucker says,” Hollywood Reporter, December 8, 2008.

Annual Survey of Journalism & Mass Communication Graduates, Grady College of Journalism & Mass Communication, University of Georgia, November 2008.

Michelle Greppi, “NBC Affiliates Prepare to Swallow Bitter Reverse-Compensation Pill,” Broadcasting and Cable, July 13, 2008.

Michele Greppi, “NBC Universal to Cut Almost 500 Jobs,” TV Week, December 4, 2008.

Ronald Grover, “The Uphill Battle at Fox Business Network,” BusinessWeek, October 9, 2008.

Rob Gurwitt, “Death and Life in the Pressroom,” Governing, January 2009.

Marisa Guthrie, “Jeff Zucker to Print Reporters: Drop Dead,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 28, 2008.

Marisa Guthrie, “Katie Couric Likely to Leave CBS Evening News After Election,” Broadcasting & Cable, April 10, 2008.

Marisa Guthrie, “Moonves Again Backs Couric After Conventions,” Broadcasting & Cable, September 10, 2008.


Ray Hanania, Arab American Media Services Newswire.

Sean Hannity, the Sean Hannity Show, January 11, 2008.

Sean Hannity, the Sean Hannity Show, November 26, 2008.

David Hatfield, “Writers strike hurts Nielsen ratings for local TV news,” Inside Tucson Business, January 16, 2008.

Rachel Hawkes, “New Online Community Launches for US Hispanic Market,” Social Media
Portal Online, April 15, 2008.

Ted Hearn, “Martin Forced to Pull LPTV Must-Carry Plan,” Multi-Channel News, October 20, 2008

Miguel Helft, “Yahoo Teams With Newspapers to Sell Ads,” New York Times, February 27, 2009.

Steven Herbert, “Beijing Games Finish with Highest Primetime Summer Olympics Viewership Since 1996,” City News Service, August 26, 2008.

Steven Herbert, “CBS Draws Season-High Audience,” City News Service, November 18, 2008.

Nia-Malika Henderson,“Obama Brings firsts for Black Press,” Politico. January 3, 2009.

Press Release, “Hip Hop Caucus. Respect My Vote Campaign Reaches Thousands During Nationwide One-Day Voter Registration Drive.”

Michael Hirschorn, “End Times,” Atlantic, January/February 2009.

“National Media Group launches U.S.: Sea Latino,”, March 18, 2008.

“Focus on Hispanic Advertising Market,” Hispanic Business Magazine, 2008 Media Markets Report. December 2008 Issue.

“Google Nears 72% of U.S. Searches in October, 2008,” Hitwise. Press release, Nov. 13, 2008.
David Ho, “FCC Vote Opens Door to a Bigger Wireless Web,” Austin American-Statesman, December 8, 2008.

Diane Holloway, “ABC News set to open UT Bureau,” Austin American-Statesman, May 8, 2008.

Advance Publications, Company Overview, accessed via Hoovers. Online at:–ID__40006–/free-co-factsheet.xhtml

Richard Huff, “NBC News’ Uneasy Cable Hookup,” New York Daily News, September 9, 2008

Jeffrey Humphreys, “Asian-American Buying Power,” Georgia Trend magazine, September 2008.


Indian Country Today Online.

Inside Radio,

Bill Imada, “Four Myths About the Asian-American market,”  Big Tent Advertising Age Blog, October 31, 2007.

“Internet Advertising Revenues in Q3 ’08 at Nearly $5.9 Billion,” Interactive Advertising Bureau, Nov. 20, 2008.

Internet Freedom Preservation Act, S. 215, 110th Congress (accessed February 11, 2009; introduced January 9, 2007), available at

Tanya Irwin, “AP Launches Mobile News Network App For BlackBerry,” Media Post’s Online Media Daily, October 21, 2008.

Tonya Irwin, “The AtlanticLaunches Digital Publication, The Current,” MediaPost Publications’ Online Media Daily, March 4, 2008.

Walter Isaacson, “How to Save Your Newspaper,” Time,  February 05, 2009.

Nat Ives, “Magazine of the Year: The Economist,” Advertising Age, October 6, 2008.

Nat Ives, “Time Inc. Tops List of Digital Earners,” Advertising Age, January 19, 2009.

Nat Ives, “Is Condé Nast Finally Fostering Digital?” Advertising Age, January 26, 2009. Online at:

Nat Ives and Abbey Klaassen, “Time Warner’s Back to Its Roots: Content,” Advertising Age, August 11, 2008.

Suzy Jagger, “Cablevision Buys Newsday for $650M,” Times (of London), May 12, 2008.

Meg James, “Televisa-Univision Trial Delayed,” Los Angeles Times, April 29, 2008.

Meg James, “Telemundo to cut 5% of jobs,” Los Angeles Times, October 17, 2008.

Meg James, “Univision Predicts Lean Times Ahead,”Los Angeles Times. November 18, 2008.,0,7094033.story

Meg James, “Univision Prepares for Lean Stretch,” Los Angeles Times, November 18, 2008.,0,7094033.story

Elizabeth Jensen, “BBC Newscast Shifts Lineup on U.S. Public TV Stations,” New York Times, October 7, 2008.

Elizabeth Jensen, “Lehrer Says NewsHour Money Woes Are Worst Ever,” New York Times, May 19, 2008.

Elizabeth Jensen, “NBC News Correspondent Named Anchor of New Public Television Newscast,” New York Times, August 20, 2008.

Tom Jicha, “Elections Are Over but Nightline Still Beats Dave,” Sun-Sentinel, November 20, 2008

Bradley Johnson, “Revenue Growth Slowest Since 2001,” Advertising Age, September 29, 2008.

Chandra Johnson-Greene, “Time Inc: Digital Saw ‘Significant’ Growth in ’08,” Folio Magazine, December 10, 2008.

Miriam Jordan and Conor Dougherty. “Immigration Slows in Face of Economic Downturn,” Wall Street Journal, September 22, 2008.

“M&A Shift and Transformation Acceleration,” Jordan, Edmiston Group. press release, January 6, 2009.

“Third Quarter 2008 M&A Overview,” The Jordan, EdmistonGroup, October 1, 2008.


Peter Kafka, “Condé Nast Web Arm CondéNet’s Turn for ‘Across the Board’ Cuts,” Media Memo Blog, AllThingsD, November 11, 2008:

“Rise Up Magazine Stops Publishing to Retool for Expansion,” Kansas City Business Journal, August 19, 2008.

KANU-TV Online.

Dale Kasler, “McClatchy Cuts Jobs 10 %, Lays Off Employees at the Bee, Other Papers,” Sacramento Bee, June 17, 2008

Keith J. Kelly, “Ann’s Time for Change,” New York Post, October 29, 2008

Keith J. Kelly, “EW Loses Its Top Editor,” New York Post, January 7, 2009

Keith J. Kelly, “Losing a Small Fortune,” New York Post, July 30, 2008

Tameka Kee, “Telemundo, Televisa Ink Digital Distribution Deal in Mexico; Univision Still Outside Looking In,” PaidContent,org,  October 20, 2008.

Olga Kharif, “Sirius XM’s Dual Concerns: Debt, Delisting” Business Week, December 12, 2008.

Transcript of Larry King Live, aired April 10, 2008

Matt Kinsman, “Online Revenue Up 500 Percent for U.S. News’ Best Colleges Franchise,” Folio

Magazine, August 28, 2008. Online at:

John Koblin, “Layoffs Begin at Entertainment Weekly, And They’re Not Taking Volunteers,” New York Observer, November 13, 2008. Online:

KoreAm Journal online, About Us.

KoreAm Journal 2009-2010 Media Kit.

Steve Krakauer, “Bloomberg’s ‘Small Army Covering’ the Crisis,” TV Newser, September 15, 2008

Steve Krakauer, “Murdoch Doubts NBC ‘Made Much Money’ From Olympics,” TV Newser, September 20, 2008

Joel Kramer, “Who Will Pay for the News,” Poynter Institute conference, November

Staci D. Kramer, “New Yorker Launches Digital Edition; Free to Subscribers,”, November 4, 2008. Online at:

Staci D. Kramer, “Quincy Smith President Of New Company-wide CBS Interactive; Larry Kramer Out As Head Of CBS Digital,”, November 5, 2006

Staci D. Kramer, “New York Times Reportedly Shopping Its Red Sox Stake, Looking for $200 Million in Tough Market,”, December 24, 2008.

Vishesh Kumar and Christopher Rhoads, “Google Wants Its Own Fast Track on the Web,” December 15, 2008

Howard Kurtz, “MSNBC Drops Olbermann, Matthews as News Anchors,” Washington Post, September 8, 2008.

Howard Kurtz, “MSNBC Drops Olbermann, Matthews as News Anchors,” Washington Post, September 8, 2008.

Howard Kurtz, “MSNBC’s Family Feud,” Washington Post, September 1, 2008.

Howard Kurtz, “Feud Fuels Bill O’Reilly’s Blasts at GE,” Washington Post, May 19, 2008.

Howard Kurtz, “Business is Slow for Fox Channel,” Washington Post, July 26, 2008.

Jon Lafayette, “NBC Measures Cross-Platform Viewership, Cites Olympic Gains,” TV Week, August 13, 2008

Jon Lafayette, “NBC Unveils TAMi Audience Figures Across All Platforms,” TV Week, October 15, 2008

Jon Lafayette, “TV Industry Job Cuts: What’s Next?” TV Week, Dec. 7, 2008

Latino Print Network State of Hispanic Print 2005, 2006 and 2007 Datasheets

Peter Lauria, “Think Pink at NBC – Holiday Layoffs Begin,” New York Post, December 5, 2008

Michael Learmonth, “Online Ad Network Display Ad Rates Take a Dive,” Advertising Age, October 14, 2008.

Wendy Leung, “Asian American Ethnic Media Survives Through Tough Times,” September 29, 2008.

David Lieberman, “Clear Channel CEO says going private will allow firm to focus on listeners,” USA Today, November 16, 2006.

Rush Limbaugh, The Rush Limbaugh Show, November 4, 2008

Steve Lohr, “G.E. Projects a Calm Air To Reassure Investors,”  New York Times, Oct. 11, 2008

Mark Hugo Lopez, “The Hispanic Vote in the 2008 Election,” Pew Hispanic Center, November 6, 2008

“Entravision gets notice from NYSE,” Los Angeles Business from bizjournals, December 17, 2008. Online at:

Tom Lowry, “What Recession? Cable TV is Booming,” BusinessWeek, August 5, 2008

Tom Lowry, “Jeff Bewkes’ $9.25 billion dilemma,” BusinessWeek, August 14, 2008.


Scott MacLeod, “How Al Arabiya Got the Obama Interview,” Time Magazine. January 28, 2009.,8599,1874379,00.html?imw=Y.

Robert MacMillan, “Murdoch Wants Newspapers, Just Not the New York Times,” Reuters, February 6, 2009

Magazine Publishers of America, Asian-American Market Profile, 2004.

Malone, Michael, “Fox, NBC Try ‘AP’ Approach to Local TV,” Broadcasting & Cable, November 13, 2008.

Michael Malone, “NBC Puts Two Stations on Block,” Broadcasting & Cable, March 19, 2008.

Michael Malone, “Hoak Closes Purchase of WMBB, KALB/NALB,” Broadcasting & Cable, July 16, 2008.

Michael Malone, P.J. Bednarski  and John Eggerton,  “Tribune Files For Chapter 11,” Broadcasting and Cable, December 8, 2008

Michael Malone, “Young Broadcasting Files For Chapter 11,” Broadcasting & Cable, February 14, 2009.

Joe Mandese, “Online Display Ad Prices Fall To Lowest Point This Year,” Online Media Daily, October 14, 2008

Stephen Manning, “GE Fourth-Quarter Profit Falls by 46%; Hurt by Finance Unit,” Associated Press, January 23, 2009

Robert Marich, “Analyst Frets Worst Economy in Two Decades for Media,” Broadcasting & Cable, September 27, 2008

Robert Marich, “Cable Networks Early Election Ad Winner,” Broadcasting & Cable, September 15, 2008

Robert Marich, “Private Equity: Buying In To Cash Out,” Broadcasting & Cable, August 25, 2008.

Jonathan Marino, “NBC’s Station Auction Underway,” Mergers & Acquisitions Report May 12, 2008

Marketwatch Online, “Better Black Television Set to Launch Worldwide in 2009,” August 15, 2008.

Market Watch Online, press release, “KMEX Univision 34 Ends November Sweeps as the #1 Television Station in Los Angeles Among Adults 18-49,’’November 25, 2008.

Tyler Marshall and PEJ, “The Changing Newsroom,”, July 21, 2008

Sarah McBride, “Liberal Nova M Radio to File for Liquidation,” The Wall Street Journal, February 19, 2009

McClatchy presentation, UBS Global Media Conference, New York, December 2008.

Paul McNally, “More Editorial Job Cuts at the Los Angeles Times,” The Wire,, February 2, 2008

“The Atlantic Launches Business Channel,” MediaBistro, January 22, 2009.

Mary Meeker, “Technology/Internet Trends,” Web 2.0 Summit, San Francisco, November 5, 2008

2008 Mendelsohn Affluent Survey, Ipsos Mendelsohn,September 23, 2008:

Diane Mermigas, “Media and Advertisers in Damage Control,” Seeking Alpha, October 12, 2008.

Philip Meyer, The Vanishing Newspaper, University of Missouri Press, 2004.

Jason Mick, “Yahoo-Microsoft Retrospect: Refusal Cost Yahoo Shareholders $24.4,” Daily Tech, November 13, 2008

Maureen Morrison, “Digital Climbs as Ad Pages Slip,” Advertising Age, October 6, 2008

Lucia Moses,  “ ‘Time,’ ‘Newsweek’ Eye ‘Economist,’ ” MediaWeek, November 10, 2008.

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